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Archive May 2021

Forensic Graphology

Graphology is the analysis of the physical attributes and patterns of handwriting which claims to identify the writer, indicating the psychological state at the time of writing or evaluating personality characteristics.

Forensic graphology is the diverse branch of forensic science where scientific analysis is required to reveal the physiological as well as psychological functions of an individual to solve the crime.

Forensic graphologists highlight the individual’s mood, motive, integrity, emotional stability, thought process and personality of the suspect who has written the anonymous letter or notes. The forensic graphologist use handwriting pattern to determine personality traits. The forensic graphologists help to analyze the handwriting on ransom notes in kidnapping cases or blackmailing letters or in case of pen poison letters.

The important features which are analyzed for personality profiling in handwriting of an individual are as follows:

a. Word Spacing

b. Line Spacing

c. Line Margins

d. Pen Pressure

e. Alignment

f. Movement

g. Size and Proportion of letters

h. Slant

i. Main Heading

j. Observing the position as well as shape of i-dots

k. Observing the position as well as shape of t-bars

Word spacing indicates the width of the handwriting by looking at narrow or wide spacing between the words whether the writer is of intrusive or extrusive in nature. Line spacing indicates the thinking capability of the writer whether he/she is open minded or narrow minded. Page margin is another important characteristic for handwriting analysis because it provides a lot of information such as identification of behavior, cautious level and the patience level of the writer. The alignment of the handwriting can be better judged when the content is written on blank paper. It generally possesses the mood of the writer whether the writer is optimistic or pessimistic. Slant refers to the angle of inclination or a letter of it from the baseline. Size and proportion of the letters in handwriting are another important characteristic in personality profiling and especially judges the confidence level of the writer. The position of i-dots indicates how far the writer has artistic or imaginative personality and position of t-bars indicates the intelligence level, leadership qualities and how strongly the writer is responsible in his/her life.

Therefore, these parameters or combination of characteristics of handwriting help the forensic graphologists to identify the writer state of mind, mood, motive and personality.